Deafness, or hearing loss, is a condition that occurs when one or more parts of the ear aren’t working properly. These parts include the outer ear, middle ear, inner ear, hearing nerve (acoustic nerve), and auditory symptoms. Deafness is one of the most common birth defects in the world, but it can also develop later in life. Deafness in children can affect their ability to grow and develop speech, social skills, and language. Numerous causes can possibly lead to deafness in children, whether the condition is present at birth (congenital) or happens after birth (acquired).
Congenital hearing loss can be caused by numerous different things. Most of the causes of hearing loss in children are genetic, meaning it is inherited from a parent. Genetic factors that can cause congenital hearing loss are as follows:
- Autosomal recessive hearing loss accounts for about 70 percent of all genetic hearing loss. With